In 2019, there was no federal law banning semi-automatic assault weapons, .50-caliber military rifles, handguns or high-capacity magazines. Between 1994 and 2004, there was a federal ban on assault weapons and wide-body magazines, but Congress let those restrictions expire. In the days following the mass shooting in Las Vegas, some lawmakers expressed tentative support for a federal ban on so-called humpback batons, devices that allow semi-automatic weapons to fire at a rate close to that of automatic weapons. While neither Democrats nor Republicans believe the new gun law will do much to reduce gun violence, Democrats are much more optimistic about its impact (68% say they will do at least some to reduce gun violence, compared to 29% of Republicans). Nearly six in ten Republicans (59%) say the new law will do nothing at all to reduce gun violence, compared to only 17% of Democrats who say the same. New York lawmakers pass laws to strengthen state gun laws, including raising the minimum age to purchase a semi-automatic rifle In addition, juvenile and mental health registration practices vary from state to state and even county to county. In at least 15 states, juvenile records are automatically sealed or deleted in certain circumstances. Not all offenses committed by minors prohibit someone from buying a gun, because federal law leaves it up to the states to define what constitutes a conviction. Some do not characterize certain juvenile sentences as criminal convictions, even though the offence would be considered a crime if the person had been tried as an adult. With these rapid developments, gun rights groups need to keep their members informed of changes in state laws, said Scott Bach, president of the Association of New Jersey Rifle and Pistol Clubs. Shortly after the Supreme Court ruling, the gun rights group published a guide on its website detailing the state`s new gun laws and how to apply for a secret carrying permit in the Garden State. Bach said he wants to make sure the “good guys” remain law-abiding gun owners. The decreasing percentage of Americans say that if more people owned guns, there would be less crime.
Overall, the percentage of U.S. adults who say there would be less crime if more Americans owned guns has risen from 31 percent in 2021 to 24 percent today. In contrast, the percentage of Americans who say there will be more crime rose from 34 percent to 41 percent. The proportion that says there would be no difference remains unchanged at 34%. While most Americans support the new gun law, opinions are more divided on what it will do to reduce gun violence: only 7% of Americans say will do it a lot, 42% say will do it a little, and 36% say it will do nothing at all; 14% are not sure. A majority of 59 percent of Republicans say the bill will do nothing at all to reduce gun violence. By comparison, 57 percent of Democrats say the bill will do a little, and 11 percent say it will do a lot to reduce gun violence. Gun control was rarely a political issue in Norway — where gun laws are considered strict but ownership rates high — until right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik killed seventy-seven people in attacks in Oslo and an island summer camp in 2011. Although Norway ranks fourteenth in the world for gun ownership, according to the Small Arms Survey, it is at the bottom of the scale in firearm homicide rates. (The U.S.
rate is about thirty-one times higher.) Most Norwegian police officers, like the British, do not carry firearms. The new law will extend this prohibition to people convicted of domestic violence when their victim was a dating partner. The red flag laws approved by the federal measure are also known as Extreme Risk Protection Orders Acts. They allow courts to temporarily seize firearms from persons suspected of posing a danger to themselves or others. In contrast, only 14 percent of Republicans say there would be more crime if more Americans owned guns, while 45 percent say there would be fewer. While the percentage of Republicans who say more gun ownership would lead to more crime has barely changed in recent years, Republicans are now less likely to say more gun ownership would result in fewer crimes than in the past (45 percent say so today, up from 56 percent last year). At the same time, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down some gun laws.
In 2008, the court struck down a law in Washington, D.C., banning handguns. However, despite broad support for the new law, most Americans aren`t optimistic that it will do much to reduce gun violence in the country: 78 percent believe the new gun law will do some (42 percent) or nothing at all (36 percent) to reduce gun violence. Only 7% say the bill will go far, while 14% say they are not sure. President Joe Biden signed the first major gun safety bill in decades in June. The measure does not ban firearms, but it does include funding for safe schools and government crisis response programs. Many states, including California, Delaware, and New York, have also passed new laws to reduce gun violence, such as regulating ghost guns not found and strengthening background check systems.