Minors do not have the legal capacity to act independently of their parents, so they enjoy a certain degree of legal protection that may affect cases of citizenship jure sanguinis. The Italian Civil Code does not contain a definition of minors, but the concepts of legal capacity are defined in articles 1 and 2 of the Civil Code. The first concept, legal capacity, is acquired at the time of birth, while the second, legal capacity, is acquired at the age of majority (18 years), as well as the capacity to take all measures for which no other age limit is prescribed. If a child becomes a parent or marries before reaching the age of majority, he or she acquires full legal capacity in some Member States. In other Member States, child brides will have only partial legal capacity. For example, they are no longer subject to parental authority and may act according to their personal needs, but may not be allowed to dispose of real estate or borrow money. Some Member States also provide for a guardian for children who become parents. Depending on the situation, the Italian age limit exemption may completely exempt qualified couples in near-age age from the Age of Consent Act or simply provide a legal defense that can be invoked in the event of a lawsuit. Age of majority is the legally recognized or declared threshold of adulthood. This is the time when minors are no longer considered as such and take legal control of their person, actions and decisions, ending the control and legal responsibility of their parents or guardians over them. Most countries set the age of majority at 18, but some jurisdictions have a higher age and others lower.
The word majority here refers to having more years and being of legal age, as opposed to minority, being a minor. The law of a particular jurisdiction cannot use the term “age of majority”. The term generally refers to a set of laws that confer adult status. Persons under the age of majority are referred to as minors and may be denied certain privileges by law, such as choosing, buying and drinking alcoholic beverages, purchasing tobacco or cannabis products, gambling, marrying, purchasing or possessing firearms, possessing property, entering into binding contracts, or obtaining all driving privileges. In Italy, minors (people under the age of 18) are not allowed to buy or consume legal alcohol in bars, restaurants or even outside (although it is very unlikely that a restaurant owner or waiter would “classify” someone who appears to be younger when drinking with their parents). Food and drink are part of Italy`s fascination for visitors. If you`re planning a family trip to il Bel Paese — especially if your teenage children or grandchildren are part of the brood — you may be wondering about Italy`s legal drinking age and local drinking habits. Italian rape law is violated when a person has consensual sexual contact with a person under the age of 14 or knowingly engages in sexual acts in the presence of such a minor.
There is a narrow age exemption that allows 13-year-olds to accept partners under 3 years older. The age of consent is 16 if one partner has influence over the other (priest, teacher, etc.). If the minor is under 10 years of age, no complaint is required. Sexual activity with a prostitute is only legal if the prostitute is under 18 years of age. Many bachelor`s age correlates with the age of majority, but they are still legally different concepts. You do not need to be of legal age to be authorized to exercise certain rights and obligations. Some bachelor`s degree ages are actually higher than the age of majority. For example, to purchase alcoholic beverages, the licensing age is 21 in all U.S. states. Another example is the voting age, which was 21 before the 1970s in the United States, as well as the age of majority in all or most states.
 In the Republic of Ireland, the age of majority is 18, but you must be over 21 to stand for election to the Houses of the Oireachta.  Also in Portugal, the age of majority is 18, but you must be at least 25 to run for public office and 35 to run for president.  A child legally emancipated by a competent court automatically reaches maturity as soon as the court order is signed. Only emancipation confers the status of maturity before a person is really of age. In general, the minimum age at which a person can legally consume alcoholic beverages varies from country to country and generally differs depending on where the consumption takes place. In Italy, as in most other European countries, alcohol consumption at home is not regulated. The age of majority can be confused with the similar concept of the age of bachelor`s degree, which also refers to the threshold of adulthood, but in a much broader and abstract way.