Use of Force Law Definition
300.4 REPORTING USE OF FORCE Any use of force greater than that required for non-resistant searches or handcuffs, including the use of oleoresin capsicum (OC), must be reported. In addition, any use of force resulting in injury or painful discomfort must be reported. Any use of physical violence by a member of this unit must be documented in a timely, complete and accurate manner in an appropriate report, depending on the nature of the incident. The use of certain weapons, such as chemical warfare agents, may require the completion of additional reporting forms, as outlined in departmental policies and/or legislation. In England and Wales, the (reasonable) use of force is provided for in section 3 of the Criminal Law Act 1967, which provides: 300.8 RESPONSIBILITIES OF SUPERVISORS REPORTING THE USE OF FORCE The OOW commander or his immediate superior shall respond without undue delay to any incident with a reportable force and shall inform the captain of field operations of any reportable incident As soon as possible. The guard commander records the interrogation of the detainee and, if possible, the photograph, paying particular attention to areas of known or suspected injuries. The commander on duty must obtain suspicious consent to photograph the wounds hidden by clothing. Note approval or rejection in reports. If possible, the supervisor should also videotape the interview. When questioning detainees about incidents involving the use of force, the guard commander asks the person if they have any injuries, what type of injuries they have, and if they wish to receive medical treatment. These questions must be asked, whether the inmate has obvious injuries or not.
Handbook of Guidelines § 300.6 Medical Treatment. The patrol leader shall, as soon as possible, submit to the Field Operations Commander a record of the use of force [Policy Manual §300.8.3 Use of Armed Forces], setting out the results of his review and recommendation as to whether further action or investigation is warranted. The supervisory authorities approving the reports shall ensure that they contain all relevant information. Particular attention should be paid to the detailed description of the use of force, the actions of the suspect justifying the use of force, the specific force used in response to the suspect`s actions, the suspect`s reaction to the use of force, the result of the use of force and the officer`s state of mind. Any injury or complaint of injury, as well as any medical treatment or refusal of medical treatment, must be recorded in the report, supplementary reports and, where applicable, memoranda. The watch leader or supervisor ensures that all necessary use of force information is documented in the reports. After approving use of force reports, the reviewing authority ensures that a photocopy of the approved reports is promptly forwarded to the patrol supervisor, who oversees the review of the armed forces for inclusion in the use of force file. (a) Lethal force means violence that, in the opinion of a reasonable person, may cause death or serious bodily harm. Its use can only be justified under mandatory conditions when all lesser means have failed or cannot reasonably be used.
A protection officer is authorized to use lethal force only in one or more of the following circumstances: At the micro level, violent neighbourhood crime increases the likelihood that law enforcement will use force. In contrast, violent crime in meso-level neighborhoods does not have as much impact on the use of violence.  However, at the heart of the principle of necessity is that force, when necessary, must not exceed the minimum reasonably necessary in the circumstances. This means that violent or potentially violent suspects should also be arrested or killed, except in very extreme cases where the use of force and lethal force is the only way to stop imminent danger to life. In 1982, in its opinion in Guerrero v. Colombia, the Human Rights Committee stated that the State had acted unlawfully by shooting at suspected terrorists instead of arresting them, as it might have done in the circumstances. In 2015, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Bouyid v. Belgium reiterated (No. 23380/09) that “in the case of a person who ..
In the face of law enforcement officials, any use of physical force that is not strictly necessary for one`s own conduct violates human dignity and in principle constitutes a violation of the right not to be subjected to torture or inhuman or degrading treatment (paras. 88 and 100). Context matters. No two situations are alike, and no two officers are alike. In a potentially threatening situation, an officer will quickly adapt an intervention and use force if necessary. Situational awareness is essential, and officials are trained to assess when a crisis requires the use of force to regain control of a situation. In most cases, time becomes a key variable in deciding when an officer uses force. The use of force dates back to the early days of traditional law enforcement, with fears that officials would abuse their power. In today`s society, this fear still exists and one of the ways to solve this problem is to require police to wear body cameras and turn them on in all interactions with civilians.
 Passive resistance Physical actions that do not prevent the agent from attempting to control a subject.