It must be admitted, however, that a coherent theorist of natural law could hardly claim that knowledge derived from the human good is the only possible knowledge. For it is part of the paradigm from the point of view of natural law that the basic principles of natural law are known to all, and the kind of arguments that should be put forward to generate derived knowledge about human well-being are certainly not present (or even possible) by everyone. (Recently, Jensen (2015) offered an in-depth defense of a derivationist narrative aimed at addressing these concerns.) Another way in which Thomas Aquinas` account of the knowledge of basic goods was understood—and this is an understanding better able to grasp the widespread knowledge of the basic goods—can be called “inclined beings.” From this point of view, the explicit understanding of basic goods follows, but does not derive from the persistent emphasis on pursuing certain objectives, which implies an implicit understanding of these objects as good. Thus, people tend to yearn for life, knowledge and friendship, etc.; And thinking about this tendency leads to an immediate understanding of the truth that life, knowledge, friendship, etc. are goods. The confirmation of the statements “life is good”, “knowledge is good”, “friendship is good”, etc. makes it understandable that rational beings like us are persistently pursuing these goals. In a pluralistic society, it is necessary to accept many cultural values, not all of which are acceptable in the moral sense. It is public order and the protection of the weak that are the task of the state, not the imposition of religious norms.
For this reason, human rights have become the most important arbiters of today`s civil society: everyone – regardless of religion, class, race, status or gender – is equal before the law. Examples of natural law theory can be applied to broad political issues involving global, regional or national affairs, state issues, societal issues, or even interpersonal issues affecting everyday life events. Some examples of concepts that appear in the theory of natural law and the applications of these concepts are: 30Or consider another example. We realize that we have a hard time forgiving our friends and that it is almost always impossible to forgive our enemies. We tell ourselves that we have the right to be angry, to have grudges, etc. Isn`t it just human? However, these human reasons are distortions of the Eternal Law. We need guidance when it comes to forgiveness, and here is God`s law that tells us to forgive others, including our enemies. Following human laws and divine laws will help us accomplish our purposes and plans and be truly happy. The theory of natural law is defined as an ethical framework that discovers and describes natural laws defined as objective and universal laws of morality that guide human nature. Natural law is primarily concerned with the relationship between morality and the legality of people`s actions and behaviors within a society.
Positive law theory describes laws created by an authority figure or authority such as a government or ruler. Positive laws are man-made laws designed to enable justice in a legal system and support natural laws, but do not always do so. Legal positivism is considered in some ways as an opposition to natural law because it asserts that positive laws are a social construct that replaces natural law, even if positive law is unjust or immoral under natural law. Natural law is important because it is applied to today`s moral, political and ethical systems. It has played a huge role in the history of political and philosophical theory and has been used to understand and discuss human nature. For Thomas Aquinas, human laws are derived from natural law, which is participation in eternal law.  Therefore, eternal law comes first, followed by natural law and then human law. Divine law is the law of God revealed to man, while natural law is the imprint of eternal law in the hearts of men. In the past, certain types of sexual unions were punished – rape and incestuous unions, for example; or between master and slave, between two members of different races (miscegenation), between rich and poor, between people of the same sex.