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Online Voting Legal

Posted 25. November 2022 by Logistik-Express in Allgemein

Under UK law (eIDAS), electronic signatures are defined as the set of electronic data that properly guarantees the identity of the signatory. Although the word may be misleading, an electronic signature is nothing more than a means of electronic identification. Therefore, in electronic voting procedures, the voter must provide one or more identification data before obtaining the necessary voting rights. House Resolution 756, E-Poll Book Improvement Act of 2007, a bill to amend the Help America Vote Act of 2002 to direct the Election Assistance Commission to develop and adopt guidelines for electronic voter registration in the same manner that the Commission develops and adopts guidelines for voluntary voting systems under the Act, and for other purposes. Rep. Diana DeGette [CO-1] (introduced 1/31/2007) New Jersey, meanwhile, chose not to use the Democracy Live system for the July presidential primaries, after only one voter used it in the state`s municipal elections last month. The election experiment cost the state $89,000. “We don`t have an example of an Internet voting system that has been independently reviewed and came out brilliantly,” Wallach said. He attributed the failures to market immaturity, saying larger, more experienced companies subject to years of external oversight don`t make such “beginner mistakes.” (Wallach is on a one-year sabbatical from Rice University to work with voting technology startup VotingWorks, which develops products that compete with Democracy Live`s offerings. But his comments reflect criticism voiced publicly and privately by the overwhelming majority of election security experts.) The latest versions of Android and iOS, the two dominant operating systems for phones and tablets, include features that allow devices to certify their digital health to third parties, a process called “authentication.” But the vast majority of Android phones run older versions of Google`s operating system.

In addition, Wallach said, Google and Apple haven`t developed their authentication features to support a business-critical process like voting. This validation step is done by comparing the information on the online registration form with the information provided by the same person when obtaining a driver`s license or other government-issued ID card. The signature already deposited with the State becomes the signature of the vote. If the information does not match, the request will be forwarded to officials for further review or action. In last year`s primaries, voters who wanted to register for electronic absentee voting had to fill out a paper form, which can be difficult for some people with disabilities. The state changed this requirement for the presidential election and allowed voters to request a ballot online. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine issued a strong warning against internet elections in a 2018 report on election security, writing that “no known technology guarantees the secrecy, security, and verifiability of a tagged ballot circulated over the internet.” The next elections to the Bundestag will take place on Tuesday 3 November 2020. It includes the election of the President and Vice President, 1/3 of the Senate and the entire House of Representatives. National and local races will also be on the ballot in many regions. The third stage takes place on election day, when voters access the e-voting platform to exercise their right.

This is where voter identification takes place. To have a high level of security, it is important to perform two-factor authentication. The typical process involves asking the user for static data, such as a passport number, as well as dynamic data sent to them at that time, often this is a confirmation code sent via SMS or email. This is the level of security banks need to authorize online financial transactions for their customers, and it`s also an appropriate level of security for the type of reconciliation we look at in this article. Hackers have several options for interfering with an online vote: Currently, more than 20 states allow their residents to vote online, either through a secure web portal (as with eBallot) or via email — but that right is reserved for only a few. But the software, which is new and still being tested, only works on voting machines that people personally use. Researchers have not figured out how to use end-to-end encryption in Internet voting. The use of electronic voting in any type of general meeting is allowed in most countries, provided that the identity of the voting entity is guaranteed. The key to ensuring the legal validity of electronic voting is therefore to guarantee the identity of the voter. Many people bank online, shop and socialize, and expose their money and personal information to the potential risk of theft or other exploitation.

There`s a very low likelihood that online voting will be an option in all 50 states in time for the 2020 presidential election, but with the mid-primary season in full swing and more states considering online voter turnout solutions, 2018 could be the year democracy is practiced in America. is amended. False attacks on the electoral process have seeped into local elections. Finally, as already mentioned, in addition to the simple and advanced electronic signature, there is the qualified signature. For an electronic signature to qualify, the first two steps of the above process must be performed in person by a recognized certification service provider (e.g., the police), who will then issue a qualified signing certificate. Although it is the safest signature of all, it does not allow us to perform a complete process online and requires much more effort for people who vote. Warner suggested that it would take “a nation-state effort” to understand how to manipulate each of the state`s different electoral formats and penetrate voters` apparatuses. He also encouraged experts to “be part of the solution” by building better internet voting systems instead of criticizing current systems.

(Many experts have spent years trying to do this. Their discoveries along the way influenced their critics.) Senate Resolution 730 of the Voting Opportunities and Technological Improvement Rights Act of 2007, a bill to amend the Help America Vote Act of 2002 to protect voting rights and improve the administration of federal elections. Sponsor: Sen Christopher J.Dodd, [CT] (introduced 01.03.2007) These first two steps are usually performed by the Company without the use of an electronic voting provider. And ideally, the security of the following steps is equal to or greater than that of the previous two. In other words, an e-voting provider must ensure that the security of its identification and activation system is less vulnerable than its customer`s registration and verification system.

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