The laws of leprosy are described in detail in the Talmud, and an entire treatise on the Mishnah and Tosefta, *Nega`im, is devoted to them. It is reported that in the courtyard of the temple itself, to the northwest, was the room of the lepers, where the lepers remained after their healing, and where they bathed on the eighth day of their purification, waiting to be received for the anointing of their toes (Neg 14:8; Middle 2:5). There are many references to lepers in the New Testament. In the two cases where Jesus healed lepers (one of them – Luke 5:12-14; cf. Mt 8:3; and the other a group of ten – Luke 17:12), He told them, “Go and show yourselves to the priest,” after their healing, and a passage (Luke 5:14) adds: “And make a sacrifice for your cleansing, as Moses commanded… This is proof that the biblical laws were in force, both with regard to the functions of the priest and the obligatory offering. The apostles are generally told to cleanse lepers (Matthew 10:8; Luke 7:22). Not all people infected or exposed to M. leprosy develop leprosy, and genetic factors are suspected to play a role in susceptibility to infection.  Leprosy cases often accumulate in families, and several genetic variants have been identified.  In many exposed individuals, the immune system is able to eliminate leprosy bacteria at an early stage of infection, before severe symptoms appear.  A genetic defect in cell-mediated immunity can make a person vulnerable to leprosy symptoms after exposure to the bacteria.  The region of DNA responsible for this variability is also implicated in Parkinson`s disease, leading to current speculation that the two disorders may be biochemically related.  Many of the discriminatory laws relate to segregation and denial of access to public transportation.
A number of these laws stipulate that a person with leprosy may be “removed” from the community and separated in a “leprosy institution” or otherwise from the wider community. British India enacted the Leprosy Act of 1898, which institutionalized affected people and separated them by sex to prevent reproduction. The law was difficult to enforce, but was not repealed until 1983, after combination therapy became widely available. In 1983, the National Programme for the Elimination of Leprosy, formerly the National Leprosy Control Programme, changed its methods of surveillance to treatment of persons with leprosy. India still accounts for more than half of the global disease burden.  Until 2019, it was possible to justify a divorce application with the spouse`s diagnosis of leprosy.  The elimination of leprosy as a public health problem (defined as a recorded prevalence of less than 1 case per 10,000 population) was achieved worldwide in 2000. More than 16 million leprosy patients have been treated with MDT in the last 20 years. The biggest risk factor for developing leprosy is contact with another person infected with leprosy.
 People exposed to someone with leprosy are 5 to 8 times more likely to develop leprosy than members of the general population.  Leprosy is also more common in people living in poverty.  Not all people infected with M. leprae develop symptoms.   In the early stages, the small, sensory, autonomic nerve fibers in the skin of a person with leprosy are damaged.  This damage usually leads to hair loss in the area, loss of ability to sweat, and numbness (decreased ability to detect sensations such as temperature and touch). Other peripheral nerve damage can lead to dry skin, more numbness, and muscle weakness or paralysis in the affected area.  The skin can crack and if skin lesions are not treated carefully, there is a risk of secondary infection, which can lead to more serious damage.
 These sample phrases are automatically chosen from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word “leprosy”. The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. There are nine laws that affect immigration and citizenship if you have experienced leprosy. These laws apply in the United States, Taiwan, Malta, Namibia, Barbados, the United Arab Emirates, Thailand and the Philippines. In some cases, people affected by leprosy are banned from entering a country. In other countries, they are denied citizenship and in others, they are not entitled to a visa. In some cases, you may even be deported. The first research on leprosy across Europe was conducted by Norwegian scientists Daniel Cornelius Danielssen and Carl Wilhelm Boeck. Their work led to the establishment of the National Leprosy Research and Treatment Center.
Danielssen and Boeck believed that the cause of leprosy transmission was hereditary. This attitude has had an influence on the isolation of sexually infected people in order to prevent reproduction.    Although leprosy declined in Europe in the 1860s, Western countries adopted isolation treatment for fear of spreading the disease from developing countries, minimal understanding of bacteriology, a lack of diagnostic skills or knowledge about the contagiousness of the disease, and missionary activity.  The rise of imperialism and the pressure of the Industrial Revolution led to a Western presence in countries where leprosy was endemic, namely the British presence in India.