Legal Tender Ordinance
On the other hand, gold or silver coins do not necessarily have to be legal tender if they are not fiat money in the jurisdiction where they are offered as a means of payment. The Currency Act 1965 states (in part): On 8 November 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the existing INR 500 and INR 1000 notes would no longer be accepted as legal tender in order to combat counterfeiting, tax evasion and the shadow economy.  The Reserve Bank of India has described a system whereby holders of such notes can either deposit them into their bank accounts for the full and unlimited value or exchange the notes for new ones, subject to a cap.  Legal tender is a form of money that courts must recognize as a satisfactory payment for monetary debts.  Each jurisdiction determines what is legal tender, but it is essentially anything that extinguishes the debt when it is offered (“offered”) to pay a debt. The creditor is not obliged to accept the payment offered, but the act of offering payment in legal tender releases the debt. Bank of England banknotes are legal tender in England and Wales and are issued in denominations of £5, £10, £20 and £50. They can still be exchanged at the Bank of England, even if they are interrupted. Banknotes issued by Scottish and Northern Ireland banks are not legal tender anywhere, but are widely accepted by agreement between the parties.  In 1847, the Colonial Bank of Issue became the sole issuer of legal tender. In 1856, however, the Colonial Bank of Issue was dissolved; and the Paper Currency Act of 1856 reconfirmed the legal tender of the Union Bank. The law also allowed the Eastern Bank to issue legal tender, but this bank ceased operations in 1861.
In general, Canadian dollar bank notes issued by the Bank of Canada and coins issued under the Royal Canadian Mint Act are legal tender in Canada. However, business transactions may be lawfully conducted in the manner agreed upon by the parties involved in the transactions. For example, convenience stores may reject $100 bills if they feel it puts them at risk of being counterfeited. However, official policy suggests that retailers should assess the impact of this approach. In the event that no mutually acceptable form of payment can be found for the offer, the parties concerned should seek legal advice.  The history of banknotes in New Zealand was much more complex. In 1840, the Union Bank of Australia began issuing banknotes under British law, but these were not automatically legal tender. The sixth series of Swiss banknotes from 1976, recalled by the SNB in 2000, is no longer legal tender, but can be exchanged for regular banknotes until April 2020. On December 11, 2016, the Venezuelan government announced demonetization after inflation of nearly 500% in the country. The people of the country had 3 days to get rid of the 100 bolivar notes (the most used currency) after the introduction of new notes of higher value. Up to 15.
June 2017, there were 7 renewals (one per month) of the legal use of 100 bolivar notes. The 100 bolivar notes were still legal tender as of 30 December 2017. According to the Economic and Monetary Union of the Republic of Ireland Act 1998, which replaced the legal tender provisions that had been incorporated into Irish law in previous UK laws, “no person, other than the Central Bank of Ireland and such persons as may be designated by regulation by the Minister, shall be obliged to accept more than 50 euro or cent coins in a single transaction”. Banknotes and coins can no longer be legal tender if they are replaced by new banknotes of the same currency or if a new currency is introduced to replace the previous currency.  Here are a few examples: In the People`s Republic of China, the official renminbi currency is unlimited legal tender for all transactions. The law requires that a public entity or individual cannot refuse to use money to settle a public or private domestic debt.  Although the Reserve Bank Act 1959 and the Currency Act 1965 state that Australian notes and coins are legal tender, Australian notes and coins do not necessarily have to be used in transactions and refusing to accept payments as legal tender is not illegal. It appears that a service provider is free to determine the commercial conditions under which payment is made before the conclusion of the “contract” of the supply or service. If a supplier of goods or services specifies other means of payment before the contract is concluded, there is generally no obligation to accept legal tender as payment. This is the case even if it is an existing debt.