Legal Meaning in a Will
It is not necessary to make a will (sometimes called a will) before your death. However, if you don`t have one, it can cause legal, logistical, and emotional headaches to family and friends after you pass away to secure your assets or take care of your children. If a will leaves a spouse less than required by state law, that part of the document can be cancelled and the spouse has granted the prescribed amount. Fraud by instigation occurs when a person knowingly makes a will, but the terms of which are based on false material statements of fact made to the testator by someone who will ultimately benefit from it. In modern times, Thellusson v. Woodford led to British legislation against the accumulation of money for later distribution, and was fictionalized as Jarndyce and Jarndyce in Charles Dickens` Bleak House. The Nobel Prizes were given by the will of Alfred Nobel. Charles Vance Millar`s will provoked the Great Stork Derby when he successfully bequeathed most of his estate to the Torontonian woman who had the most children in the ten years following her death. (The price was divided among four women who had nine, with smaller payments to women who had given birth to 10 children but lost some to miscarriage. Another woman, who gave birth to ten children, was disqualified because several were illegitimate.) Although Dummar initially said he had no prior knowledge of the will or what it looked like at Church headquarters, he later claimed that a man went to his gas station and gave him the will with instructions to bring it to Salt Lake City.
Dummar said he destroyed the instructions. A will has many different requirements and can be a far-reaching document. However, there are of course limits to what a will can and cannot do. Legally recognized wills can: For other relevant legal definitions, see the Probate and Probate Law Glossary in the FindLaw Legal Dictionary. Although wills usually affect the majority of your assets, some are not covered by their instructions. These omissions include payments from the testator`s life insurance policy. Since the police have designated beneficiaries, these individuals receive the proceeds. The same is probably true for all investment accounts, called “death transfers.” Questions of undue influence usually arise when a will unfairly treats persons believed to be the natural objects of the testator`s premium. However, undue influence is not justified by the unequal treatment of the provisions of the will, as this would affect the testator`s ability to dispose of the property at will. Examples of undue influence are threats of violence or criminal prosecution against the testator or the threat to abandon a sick testator.
Several states have laws that relax the requirements for enforcing the wills of soldiers and sailors during active military service or at sea. In these situations, a testator`s oral or handwritten will may transfer personal property. When such wills are recognized, the statutes often stipulate that they are only valid for a certain period after the end of the testator`s service. In other cases, however, the will remains valid. After the death of the testator, an application for succession may be submitted to a court having jurisdiction to establish the validity of the will(s) that the testator may have drawn up, i.e.: To meet legal requirements and appoint an executor. In most cases, during probate proceedings, at least one witness is asked to testify or sign an affidavit of “witness evidence.” However, in some jurisdictions, laws may require a “self-proving” will (must be made upon execution of the will), in which case the testimony may be waived during the succession. Often, there is a time limit, usually 30 days, within which a will must be admitted to the estate. In some jurisdictions, only an original will can be admitted to the estate – even the most accurate photocopy is not enough. [ref. Some jurisdictions allow a copy of a will if the original is lost or accidentally destroyed and the validity of the copy can be proven to the satisfaction of the court.  In mitigation proceedings, the testator`s intention, when expressed in the will, determines the order in which the property decreases to pay taxes, debts and expenses.
If the will is silent, the following order is usually applied: inheritance gifts, general legacies, demonstrative legacies and specific legacies and equipment. If Tom crosses out this clause and writes “$5,000 to Betty Smith” in the margin without signing or dating the letter, the gift to Alice will effectively be revoked. In this case, it will not be reinstated under the DRR doctrine, because although Tom was mistaken about the effectiveness of the gift to Betty, this error does not affect Tom`s intention to revoke the gift to Alice. Since the gift to Betty will be invalid due to a lack of proper execution, this $5,000 will go to Tom`s estate. If the will is declared invalid in the succession, the inheritance is made according to the laws of the intestate, as if a will had never been written. The longest known legal will is that of the Englishwoman Frederica Evelyn Stilwell Cook. It was examined in 1925 on 1,066 pages and had to be bound in four volumes; His estate was worth $100,000. The shortest known legal wills are those of Bimla Rishi of Delhi, India (“all to the son”) and Karl Tausch of Hesse, Germany, (“all to the woman”), both of which contain only two words in the language in which they were written (Hindi and Czech, respectively).  The shortest will is that of Shripad Krishnarao Vaidya of Nagpur, Maharashtra, consisting of five letters (“HEIR`S”).
  Community property A co-ownership regime generally treats husband and wife as co-owners of property acquired by one of them during the marriage. In the event of the death of a survivor, the surviving dependant is entitled to half of the property, and the remainder passes according to the will of the deceased. Some courts recognise that a holograph will is drawn up entirely in the hands of the testator or, in some modern formulations with substantive provisions, in the hands of the testator. The peculiarity of a holograph will is not so much that it is handwritten by the testator, and often that it does not have to be attested. In Louisiana, this type of will is called a holographic will.  It must be written, dated and signed by the testator. Although the date can appear anywhere in the will, the testator must sign the will at the end of the will.