The IRCA also required employers to ask potential employees for documents confirming their permission to work in the United States. Soon after, the media reported numerous stories revealing a coyote network of document falsification. The Houston Chronicle reported that “flea markets, grocery stores, even the most remote corners of Hispanic restaurants, are increasingly the scene of blatant turnover and trade of false documents at high prices.”  Some videos show coyotes walking in the aisles, just under the basketball hoops. Due to anti-smuggling legislation such as the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Liability Act (IIRIRA), increased civil and criminal penalties for smuggled aliens, and the expansion of the use of the Fingerprint Registration System (IDENT) database, coyotes have increased their fees to deal with the risk. According to experts such as sociologist Douglass Massey, coyotes generate more than $5 billion a year. Crossing fees can range from $1,500 to $2,500 in Mexico. Police note that on a “good day,” large coyote organizations can transport 500 people to the United States.  This suggests that large companies can earn an average of $1 million per “good day,” while “family rings” can earn $780,000 per year. [Citation needed] The popularity of the Bracero program resulted in a greater demand for guest worker contracts in Mexico than there were contracts.
As a result, thousands of Mexican workers who could not participate in the program sought the help of coyotes to enter the United States. The coyote “secretly crossing” experienced an increase during this period. These sample phrases are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word “coyote.” The opinions expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. Since 9/11, the U.S. government has taken many steps to strengthen security along the southern border. Part of the Border Patrol`s mission statement states that “there is a pervasive threat posed by the potential of terrorists to deploy the same smuggling and transportation networks, infrastructure, drop boxes and other supports, and then use these masses of illegal aliens as `camouflage` for successful cross-border penetration.”  Increased surveillance makes stealth crossing much more difficult, but not impossible. In reality, when economic conditions in Latin America deteriorate, the motivation to come to the United States and work there only increases so that potential migrants have a realistic option – to hire a coyote.  In general, coyotes are seen in negative eyes and with many negative connotations. International media coverage tends to highlight stories of human rights violations by coyotes. [Citation needed] The media has reported stories that have contributed to a negative perception of coyotes: “mom and dad” coyote deals don`t require exorbitant sums of money to begin with.
It depends on the method of crossing the border that a person or group chooses. Most require transportation, including rowing cars and boats, while other more sophisticated and expensive options require money to buy documents, scanning and graphic equipment to falsify these documents, and real estate in the form of secure homes.  Another delicate situation that may have contributed to the disappearance of the terrible wolf is the introduction of more modern species resembling dark wolves such as wolves and coyotes and the diseases they may have brought. All coyotes need social capital “in the form of social ties with trusted collaborators who are willing to take the risks of extra-legal conspiracies.”  Building a good reputation is also critical to the success of coyotes in a competitive and ever-growing market. Reputation is defined by competence, reliability and decent customer service. They are mainly reached by word of mouth among migrants` social networks. When looking at a coyote, migrants prioritize the success rate of border crossings, treatment during travel and, for clients, respect for their gender. [Citation needed] From time to time, someone would spot a coyote running on the side of the road and the whole bus would jump into its seat. Migrants pay coyotes a fee to guide them across the border. Fees are usually charged as soon as the migrant arrives at a predetermined destination, usually a border town in California, Texas or Arizona. Since the 1990s, the proportion of migrants hiring coyotes has increased significantly due to increased surveillance along the border.  Border Coyotes: Also known as border business coyotes or outside coyotes, they usually live near the border and bring people regularly throughout the year.
Migrants with more experience trying to cross the border or moving for crossings during peak hours are more likely to travel with borderkoyotes.