Protesters gather in the South Carolina House of Representatives as members debate a new near-total ban on abortion without exception for pregnancies caused by rape or incest outside the Columbia State Legislature, South Carolina, U.S., Aug. 30, 2022. REUTERS/Sam Wolfe More than half of the country`s 50 states are expected to ban or severely restrict access to abortion after the court gave them a free hand to enact their own laws when it overturned Roe v. Wade of 1973. The pregnancy-related mortality rate among women who gave birth to live newborns was 8.8 deaths per 100,000 live births. The mortality rate associated with induced abortion was 0.6 deaths per 100,000 abortions. The risk of death associated with childbirth is about 14 times higher than with an abortion. The Supreme Court`s next major decision regarding access to abortion came in 1992, when the court in Planned Parenthood v. Casey was considered a very restrictive law in Pennsylvania that required a 24-hour waiting period, notice to spouse, parental consent, a mandate for doctors to give biased advice to people seeking aborted health care. and incriminating reporting obligations. Kenya`s postcolonial abortion law was rooted in the British Penal Code, which criminalized abortion. When Kenya adopted a new constitution in 2010, it extended the reasons why women could abort in emergency rooms or those where the mother`s health is at stake.
In June 2019, a court extended the exemptions to rape cases. While other former European colonies are upgrading their abortion laws, many are expanding the reasons for abortion. For example, Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Mali and Niger – countries whose restrictive abortion laws were remnants of the 1810 Napoleonic Code imposed by the France – have legalized abortion in cases of rape, incest or fetal deficiency. Although the medical profession expressed hostility to feminism, many feminists at the time were also opposed to abortion.   In The Revolution, edited by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, an anonymous contributor who signed “A” wrote on the subject in 1869, arguing that instead of simply trying to pass a law against abortion, the cause must also be addressed. Simply passing an anti-abortion law, according to the author, “would only mow the tip of noxious weeds while leaving the root. […] No matter the motive, the love of lightness or the desire to save the unborn innocent from suffering, the woman who commits the act is terribly guilty.
It will weigh on their consciousness in life, it will charge their soul in death; But oh! Guilty three times is the one who led her to the despair that led her to crime.     For many feminists of the time, abortion was seen as an undesirable necessity imposed on women by thoughtless men.  Even the “free love” wing of the feminist movement has refused to advocate for abortion, treating the practice as an example of the abhorrent extremes to which modern marriage has led women.  Marital rape and the seduction of single women were societal grievances that feminists said caused the need for abortion because men did not respect women`s right to abstinence.  International bodies, including the United Nations and the World Health Organization, have recognized abortion and other reproductive rights as human rights under international contract law. As new generations of activists embark on the struggle, advocates, activists and voters will continue to fight for a world where all people have access to safe and legal abortion care. The real intent of trap laws is not to improve abortion safety, but to establish costly and complex rules for abortion clinics and providers to close. According to the Guttmacher Institute, as of early 2022, 23 states had TRAP laws or policies. Wherever abortion is illegal, caring and dedicated people take huge risks to secretly offer safe abortions, treat people with complications, and help them find safe providers. According to a 2022 report by the National Abortion Federation, anti-abortion extremists have murdered 11 people since 1977, and patients, providers and volunteers have faced 42 bombings, 196 cases of arson, 491 assaults and thousands of incidents of criminal activity.
According to the Guttmacher Institute, medical abortions account for more than half of all abortions. (The actual rate is likely higher due to the growing number of people who manage their abortions themselves with drugs purchased online or otherwise obtained.) A January 2003 CBS News/The New York Times poll examined whether or not Americans thought abortion should be legal and found disagreements that depended on party affiliation and region of the country.  The margin of error is +/- 4% for questions answered by the entire sample (“totals”) and may be higher for subgroup questions (all other figures).  The legal organization If/When/How: Lawyering for Reproductive Justice is leading a campaign to promote the decriminalization of self-administered abortion.