Monthly Archieves: Oktober 2022


Legal Age of Marriage in India Currently

In New Zealand, however, the age of marriage is 20 for both men and women. In Singapore, persons under the age of 21 who wish to marry must obtain parental consent, and those under the age of 18 also require a special licence issued by the Ministry of Social and Family Development. However, she agrees that every branch of society, such as government, political parties or civil society, must work to make an older age for girls` marriage acceptable to communities. “It is not by changing the law that you change society or the institution of marriage, which is a social institution accompanied by cultural practices.” An article published in the Journal of Women, Politics & Policy that examined marriage-related legislation around the world showed that in Mozambique, the age at which brides and grooms can marry is the same at 18. Ironically, there are about 56% of child marriages (under the age of 18) in Mozambique, which is much higher than in India. This suggests that the mere introduction of a law that is equivalent to the minimum legal age of marriage does not necessarily show an increase in the improvement of the status of women and the achievement of the objectives enumerated by the government when it introduced this law. It is imperative that the government complement this legislation with various other frameworks and systems. However, this does not mean that it is useless to introduce parity at the minimum age of marriage and will not bring results. It is crucial not to implement this law in isolation, but with other policies to achieve the objectives set out by the government. With the minimum age of marriage of 21, a woman is mentally, physically and financially better able to defend herself against pressure or abuse from her family because she married early or married against her will. Teenage pregnancies are associated with a high risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth, which is life-threatening for both the child and the mother.

Therefore, raising the legal age of marriage will help reduce maternal mortality and will also have a positive impact on women`s mental health. In addition, it is often the lack of educational opportunities that leads parents to marry off their daughters at a young age. Keeping girls in school, especially in secondary school, is a key strategy to reduce child marriage, according to the World Bank. There are various personal laws in India that specifically govern different religions. The Hindu Marriage Act 1955 sets the legal age of marriage at 21 for the groom and 18 for the bride. Similarly, the Indian Christian Marriage Act of 1872 sets the age of 18 for the bride and 21 for the groom. The Foreign Marriage Act 1969 and the Special Marriage Act 1954 also provide for a similar minimum age for marriage. The 1937 Law on the Application of Muslim Personal Law (Shariah) provides that a boy and a girl who have reached puberty may marry. Will raising the age of marriage for women strengthen them? Subsequently, on 21 December 2021, the Child Marriage Prohibition (Amendment) Bill 2021 was introduced in the Lok Sabha. The Bill amends the Child Marriage Prohibition Act 2006 to raise the minimum age for marriage for women. In addition to raising the minimum age of marriage for women from 18 to 21, the bill also provides for the annulment of child marriages up to the age of 23 instead of 20, and that the provisions of the potential law take precedence over any other laws, customs, customs or practices governing the parties to the marriage.

according to the bill. Laws prohibiting marriage before the age of 18 have been in force in India since the 1900s. Nevertheless, child marriage continues to be practiced. In 2005, it was found that almost half of women aged 20 to 24 had married before the legal age. If we start treating a child with someone under the age of 21 for the purposes of marriage, how far are we from denying them the right to be counted as adults in terms of sexual autonomy? The age of consent was 14 in 1925, 16 in 1940 and 18 in 2013. No girl under the age of 18 can be considered to consent to sexual relations under the current law. Raising the age of marriage and the age of consent has always been seen in India as a progressive measure to favour women. So, are we about to raise the age of consent to 21 as well? Anecdotal evidence already indicates that consensual sexual relations with girls under the age of 18 are largely criminalized at the request of families. In 2008, the Law Commission proposed that the legal age of marriage be set at 18 for both men and women. Even the United Nations General Assembly recommended it in 1989.

The draft law on the age of marriage is deeply political. After the amendment of the Muslim Divorce Law, the government raised the minimum age for marriage. In fact, it systematically hijacks the personal laws of communities, evolving into a unified civil code (UCC) without promulgating one. The marriage bill was sent to a parliamentary committee, but another controversial law passed amends the electoral law. It amends both the Representation of the People Acts of 1950 and 1951. Ironically, the change in suffrage related to the definition of all young people under the age of 21 as children in the Marriage Act strengthens the right to vote for 18-year-olds.


Legal Age in Mississippi to Stay Home Alone

But no laws, no guidelines to leave a child alone at home! The Florida Department of Children and Families says Florida law does not include a hard and fast rule about when children can be left home alone, but expects parents to consider all circumstances when deciding on the level of supervision needed. North Dakota – There are no minimum age laws, but the Department of Social Services has its own policies and guidelines. Children between 0 and 8 years of age should not be left alone under any circumstances. Children between the ages of 9 and 11 should not be left alone for more than two hours. They should not be left home alone even after dark and should not be responsible for caring for other children. Children 12 years of age or older are allowed to babysit, but only after completing an approved childcare course. Children under the age of 15 should not be left alone overnight. To eliminate as much confusion as possible, I share with you the laws to leave children home alone in each state. Honestly, my second son just started staying home with his big brother for a very short time. An example is when my husband has to leave, but I`m still about 10-15 minutes away.

We will continue to do such things and gradually increase the time. Parents always wonder if their children are growing up too fast. In the meantime, their children would probably respond that they are not growing up fast enough. While children and their parents have to argue about when they are finally adults, how does the Magnolia State legal system distinguish between minors and adults? Here`s a brief overview of Mississippi`s statutory retirement laws. They note that “to determine whether a child is capable of being left alone and whether a parent provides appropriate supervision in key situations, Child Protection Services (CPS) will assess several areas” such as “the child`s maturity”, “accessibility of caregivers” and “the situation”. Each parent must decide at some point in their parenting career at what age their child will be allowed to stay home alone. The American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommends adult supervision for children up to 11 or 12 years of age. But to be honest, there is no age of cookie cutters. It depends greatly on the degree of maturity and personality of each child. Several agencies and organizations have checklists on checklists that you need to consider before deciding whether or not your child can stay home alone. Iowa has no law or policy.

The state Department of Human Services states: “Iowa law does not set an appropriate age for leaving a child alone. Every situation is unique. They ask parents to consider various factors, such as a child`s emotional maturity and the dangers and risks of the neighborhood, and whether they are able to contact a parent when deciding whether or not to leave a child alone at home. I found your article very interesting and the fact that you listed the relevant laws of each state is helpful. Although I don`t have children at home, I searched in Nebraska. I am surprised that there is no more regulation in this area. Well gone to pick up my husband. New York — There is no law setting a minimum age, but New York City Child and Family Services suggests leaving 12 or 13 alone. South Carolina – There are no laws established in this state, but state authorities say that no child under the age of 8 can be left alone. There is no established law or guideline regarding the minimum age at which a child can be left home alone in Pennsylvania. There is also no minimum age policy for babysitters.

The Vermont Department of Children and Families states, “There is no universally accepted age at which all children can safely stay at home. Caregivers must consider the child`s maturity and physical, mental, developmental and emotional needs, as well as their willingness and comfort to be alone. Massachusetts does not set a specific age at which children can stay home alone. In the State, these issues are decided on a case-by-case basis. At what age can a child legally be left alone at home? (See table below). In Wisconsin, there is no law or guideline on the best age to leave a child alone at home. However, various state and municipal authorities seem to believe that 12 is an acceptable age. The Wisconsin Law Library website offers local and national resources for parents.

The legal age of Mississippi is shown in the table below. There are safety issues that need to be considered when considering leaving your child at home. Make sure your child has phone numbers for you and other adults. Also, make sure they know how to contact emergency personnel in case of an emergency. It`s also a good idea to contact your local Red Cross and sign up your child for first aid and other safety courses. Make sure your child is familiar with fire safety rules and evacuation procedures. The same goes for severe storms. We can`t always predict the weather, so your child knows what to do in the event of a tornado, other severe storms or an earthquake? No specific law or policy is established by the state of Connecticut, but the state Department of Children and Families notes that “experts believe that a child should be at least 12 years old before being left alone, and at least 15 years old before he can care for a younger sibling. This is the minimum age. Second, not all children are ready. Hello, I am from Europe and I have never heard of the existence of a law that dictates to parents at what age they can leave their children alone at home.

If we feel that he is ready to stay home alone here and there, he will have his chance. But for now. Staying home alone with Big Brother is pretty special for him. Do you remember the movie “Home Alone” where 8-year-old Kevin is accidentally left home alone while his whole family is on vacation in Paris? When would you be comfortable leaving your children alone? Parents face the difficulty of letting their child sleep in their own bed during the first years of childhood. Learning to sleep alone can be introduced to your child with this fun story. I have a 12-year-old granddaughter. Is it illegal to leave their home alone for 1-3 hours? I`m in Kentucky. Idaho – There is no minimum age in this state. This is at the discretion of the parents. However, it is recommended to wait at least 12 years before being allowed to stay home alone.

I think that if no one does anything about it, the age of loneliness will be raised to 18! It`s already happening! Parents are arrested and sentenced to death for leaving their 17-year-old children just for a second! It stinks! Given how unclear (if any) the rules are in most states, parents who want to be on the safe side should ask their local courts for recommendations before leaving their children home alone. I was shocked to learn that there was no legal age law for children to stay home alone. I live in Georgia, my son just turned 13 and his dad is struggling to get him to stay home, he is very mature for his age and knows how to use the microwave to fix his food, and I leave him all the contacts and go through the procedures in case of fire or emergency. According to the Washington Department of Human and Social Services, there are no laws or rules about the best age to leave a child home alone. As a result, leaving children alone at home is more frightening, and parents are more reluctant to do so. The Virginia Department of Human Services website states: “Virginia state laws do not specify a specific age at which a child can legally remain alone. Age alone is not a very good indicator of a child`s maturity. Some very mature 10-year-olds may be ready to take care of themselves, while some 15-year-olds may not be ready due to emotional or behavioral difficulties.

Connecticut – There is no specific law regarding the minimum age for leaving a child home alone. However, many state experts suggest waiting until the child is at least 12 years old and children should be at least 15 years old before caring for younger siblings. Again, only 3 states with laws set a minimum age to leave children home alone. For other states, you should consider the guidelines provided as suggestions. This website was developed by Database Systems Corp., a leading provider of community services, including CARE (Call Reassurance). CARE is an automated service that calls individuals at home to ensure their well-being. CARE can be managed online by the individual or family member. If the person does not answer this call, family members or volunteers can be contacted to check in with their loved ones to make sure they are okay. CARE can also be used to record children alone at home, sometimes called Latchkey Kids.

DSC also offers a community organizing program called eCARE, which allows communities to make these services available to their members through an online program. SOURCE: Database Systems Corp. * These states do not set a specific age at which a child can legally stay home alone, but do make recommendations. West Virginia does not have a minimum age to leave children home alone, nor does it specify a proposed age. Arizona – Child Protective Services emphasizes that children under the age of 6 cannot take care of themselves and should not be left alone. It is not recommended to leave children aged 6 to 9 years at home for more than three hours. This could lead to an investigation into child neglect.


Legal Age for Drinking Today

The Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) sets the legal age at which a person can purchase alcoholic beverages. The MLDA in the United States is 21 years. However, prior to the enactment of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984, the legal age at which alcohol could be purchased varied from state to state.1 In the context of undercover work or research, it is legal in some states for a minor employed in law enforcement to purchase and consume alcohol. This is an understandable attempt to keep these enforcement efforts unhindered. It is technically legal for minors to possess and consume alcohol at home and in public (not on authorized premises), as there is no law prohibiting it. It is also technically legal for someone to buy alcohol and give it to minors outside the store or licensed establishments. [104] Congress passed the National Minimum Drinking Age Act in 1984, which set 21 as the legal purchasing age. In general, a “family member” is a parent, guardian or spouse. But laws vary widely from state to state as to when a family member can provide or permit consumption from a person under the age of 21. The day reminds us of the first time we drank or bought alcohol legally. It`s a good day to celebrate this rite of passage! In North America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 18 to 21: consumption in public places, with the exception of designated drinking areas, is prohibited regardless of age.

Despite this flexibility for states, Congress retains the power to use financial and tax incentives to promote certain alcohol policies, such as the legal drinking age. The Uniform Federal Drinking Age Act of 1984 sets the legal drinking age at 21, and every state adheres to this standard. In Central America, the Caribbean and South America, the legal drinking age and the legal purchasing age range from 0 to 20 years (see table below). In South America in particular, the legal age of purchase is 18, with two exceptions: for example, you can be cash in 30 states at 18, in four states with nineteen, in one state with twenty, and 15 states with 21. However, you may need a license to pour drinks depending on the condition. The minimum age for waiters bringing drinks to the table may differ from those behind the bar. Plus, in North Carolina, you can pour eighteen beers and wine, but no alcohol until you`re 21. As you can see, this quickly becomes confusing when it comes to legal age and alcohol. Since then, alcohol consumption by high school students has decreased significantly, from 66% to 42% (see chart). Over the same period, binge drinking among high school graduates, that is, five or more drinks occasionally, decreased from 37% to 24%. Yes.

Injuries caused by alcohol use among adolescents are not inevitable, and reducing adolescent access to alcohol is a national priority. This state is strict and enforces the law against possession or consumption of alcohol by persons under the age of 21. There is an exception for minors who are at home with a parent or guardian. However, it is not applicable in public places such as bars or restaurants. In 2017, lawmakers considered a bill allowing minors to drink beer and wine in restaurants or at family gatherings with parental consent, but it has yet to move forward or pass. In the late 20th century, much of North America changed its legal drinking age (MLDA) as follows: After prohibition, nearly all states adopted a legal drinking age (MLDA) of 21. However, between 1970 and 1975, 29 states lowered the MLDA to 18, 19 or 20, mostly in response to the change in voting age. Studies conducted at the time showed that motor vehicle accidents among young people increased as states lowered their MLDA. In addition, the “blood boundaries” between states with different MLDAs came to public attention after high-profile accidents in which underage teens drove to a neighboring state with a lower MLDA, drank legally, and crashed on their way home. Stakeholders called on states to increase their MLDA to 21. Some did so in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but others did not.

To promote a national drinking age, Congress enacted the National MLDA. A 1988 review by the U.S. General Accounting Office found that raising the drinking age reduced alcohol consumption among adolescents, driving after drinking among adolescents, and alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents among adolescents. Cooking schools are the most common reason for this type of exemption. When cooking with alcohol, wine or beer, it is possible to leave enough alcohol in a finished dish to be considered alcoholic. So if you`ve been to cooking school and you`re under 21, and many are enrolled students, you shouldn`t try the dishes with alcohol you`re learning to cook. Thus, some states have exceptions for those who are in an educational environment so that students can study without breaking the law. The legal drinking age is 18 in Abu Dhabi (although a Ministry of Tourism regulation allows hotels to serve alcohol only to people over 21) and 21 in Dubai and the Northern Emirates (except Sharjah, where alcohol consumption is prohibited).

[113] We all have fond memories of the day we took our first legal sip of alcohol. The United States of America celebrates Legal Drinking Age Day every year on July 21. Not only are people nostalgic for their first drinks and toasts, but it`s also a day to educate young people about responsible consumption. This day will also see discussions on how to deal with the increase in alcoholism and drunk driving. The easiest way to celebrate Legal Drinking Age Day is to relax after a long day with your favorite beverage when you are over the legal drinking age. Some states are strict when it comes to underage drinking and may also have special laws to determine blood alcohol concentration (“BAC”), where a person under the age of 21 is considered intoxicated. If you are a miner, these values are often low or set to zero. In general, if you`re under 21, it doesn`t take much alcohol to bring your blood alcohol level up to the levels set in many states. Low levels and some severe penalties are set to deter underage consumption. It`s no secret that Florida is a well-known party destination. But Florida is also known for strictly enforcing the MLDA of 21.

You`ll find people who say that for the first time in 20 years, they`ve been listed on many travel sites when visiting a theme park. It is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to possess alcohol in this state. In some religions, it is customary to serve small amounts of wine to parishioners as part of a service or ceremony. It would be illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to participate in these activities, but some states have exceptions to allow believers under the age of 21 to legally participate in the rituals. The legal age for the consumption and purchase of alcohol in the Faroe Islands is 18 years. [163] Wisconsin has problems with underage drinking on college campuses. In 2017, a state legislator tried to pass a bill that would lower the drinking age to nineteen to reduce excessive alcohol consumption. That bill didn`t pass, but underage teens can currently drink at a bar or restaurant with a parent in Wisconsin. Under Wisconsin law, 18- to 20-year-olds can legally drink with a parent, guardian or spouse 21 and older. Many European countries, including the United Kingdom, have a more liberal drinking age.

Some countries even allow children to drink, as long as they do so in the privacy of their homes and under the supervision of their parents. The legal drinking age has been discussed in many cultures and countries. Some believe that it instills the habit of drinking responsibly, and that the ban, on the other hand, encourages children to drink secretly or find illegal methods of buying alcohol. In 1984, the federal government passed the National Minimum Drinking Age Act, setting the National Minimum Drinking Age at 21 (“MLDA”). It was phased in over a few years, and today, all 50 states require you to be 21 or older to buy alcohol. So why discuss drinking age by state? Section 78 of the Children`s Act – No person shall sell, lend, give, supply, provide or offer liquor to children under 16 years of age unless there is a written order signed by the parent or guardian of the child known to that person. The police have a duty to confiscate any alcoholic beverage in the possession of a child under the age of 16 without the written consent of parents or guardians. [38] After the illicit trade began to flourish, America decided to lift the ban on alcohol.

Chronology of age changes for drinking/purchasing or laws restricting access to alcohol for minors: The legal drinking age is the minimum age at which a person can legally consume alcoholic beverages. The minimum age at which alcohol can be legally consumed may differ from the age at which it can be purchased in some countries.


Legal Affairs Intern

They must be available full time (5 days a week / 36-40 hours a week) for a total of 10 weeks starting in June. When appointing, transferring or promoting staff, it is paramount to ensure the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity. Upon acceptance of an offer of appointment, a staff member of the United Nations shall be subject to the authority of the Secretary-General and may be assigned by the Secretary-General to activities or offices of the United Nations in accordance with article 1, paragraph 2 (c). In this context, all internationally recruited staff are required to perform new functions regularly within or between duty stations under conditions established by the Secretary-General. Candidates shall be evaluated on the basis of the information provided in the application, in accordance with the evaluation criteria set out in the vacancy announcement and applicable internal legislation of the United Nations, including the Charter of the United Nations, General Assembly resolutions, the Staff Regulations and Rules, administrative expenses and guidelines. Applicants must provide complete and accurate information about their personal profile and qualifications in accordance with inspira`s instructions in order to be considered for the current job posting. No changes, additions, deletions, revisions or changes may be made to the submitted applications. Candidates who are seriously considered for selection will undergo a reference check to verify the information contained in the application. In accordance with Article 101, paragraph 3, of the Charter of the United Nations, the paramount consideration in the employment of staff is the need to ensure the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity. Applicants will not be considered for employment with the United Nations if they have committed violations of international human rights law, violations of international humanitarian law, sexual exploitation, sexual abuse or sexual harassment, or if there are reasonable grounds to believe that they have been involved in the commission of any of these acts. The term “sexual exploitation” means any abuse or attempted abuse of a position of vulnerability, difference in power or trust for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, monetary, social or political gain resulting from the sexual exploitation of others. The term “sexual abuse” refers to real or threatening physical intrusion of a sexual nature, whether by force or under unequal or coercive conditions. The term “sexual harassment” refers to any undesirable conduct of a sexual nature that can reasonably be expected or perceived to result in insult or humiliation, if the behaviour interferes with work, becomes a condition of employment or creates an intimidating, hostile or abusive work environment and the seriousness of the conduct justifies the offender`s termination.

Applicants who have committed offences other than minor traffic offences cannot be considered for employment. Due account shall be taken of the importance of recruiting staff on as wide a geographical basis as possible. The United Nations does not restrict the eligibility of men and women to participate in their principal organs and subsidiaries in any capacity and on an equal footing. The UN Secretariat is a smoke-free environment. When appointing, transferring or promoting staff, it is paramount to ensure the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity. Upon acceptance of an offer of appointment, a staff member of the United Nations shall be subject to the authority of the Secretary-General and may be assigned by the Secretary-General to activities or offices of the United Nations in accordance with article 1, paragraph 2 (c). In this context, all internationally recruited staff are required to perform new functions regularly within or between duty stations under conditions established by the Secretary-General. Candidates are advised to carefully follow all instructions available on the inspira online recruitment platform. For more detailed instructions, candidates can read the Candidate Handbook, which can be accessed by clicking on the “Manuals” hyperlink at the top right of the Inspira account holder`s home page.

Candidates shall be evaluated on the basis of the information provided in the application, in accordance with the evaluation criteria set out in the vacancy announcement and applicable internal legislation of the United Nations, including the Charter of the United Nations, General Assembly resolutions, the Staff Regulations and Rules, administrative expenses and guidelines. Applicants must provide complete and accurate information about their personal profile and qualifications in accordance with inspira`s instructions in order to be considered for the current job posting. No changes, additions, deletions, revisions or changes may be made to the submitted applications. Candidates who are seriously considered for selection will undergo a reference check to verify the information contained in the application. Job postings posted on the career portal will be removed at 11:59 p.m. (New York time) on the deadline. Responsibilities The responsibilities of internships are diverse and include many aspects of OLA`s work. These responsibilities may include, but are not limited to: Paramount Legal Affairs handles legal, commercial and/or legal matters for various practice areas in all areas of Paramount`s business, including: content (production, production risk, music strategy, content review); Content distribution and licensing, streaming, ad sales, technology, marketing, etc. Considerations relating to the United Nations In accordance with Article 101, paragraph 3, of the Charter of the United Nations, the need to ensure the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity is of paramount importance in the employment of staff. Applicants will not be considered for employment with the United Nations if they have committed violations of international human rights law, violations of international humanitarian law, sexual exploitation, sexual abuse or sexual harassment, or if there are reasonable grounds to believe that they have been involved in the commission of any of these acts.

The term “sexual exploitation” means any abuse or attempted abuse of a position of vulnerability, difference in power or trust for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, monetary, social or political gain resulting from the sexual exploitation of others. The term “sexual abuse” refers to real or threatening physical intrusion of a sexual nature, whether by force or under unequal or coercive conditions. The term “sexual harassment” refers to any undesirable conduct of a sexual nature that can reasonably be expected or perceived to result in insult or humiliation, if the behaviour interferes with work, becomes a condition of employment or creates an intimidating, hostile or abusive work environment and the seriousness of the conduct justifies the offender`s termination. Applicants who have committed offences other than minor traffic offences cannot be considered for employment. No work experience is required to apply for the United Nations Internship Programme. Your education, training, preparatory courses or skills should be useful to the United Nations during your internship. Recruitment and reporting The Office of Legal Affairs (LO) is looking for articling students for the period of 23. From May to September 30, 2022 for its six (6) divisions in New York. We are looking for highly motivated PhD students or students who wish to gain professional experience in international law within an international organization to complement their studies. This internship includes a hands-on educational experience that offers the opportunity to work in a multicultural intergovernmental organization. Under the supervision of legal counsel, articling students work on projects and tasks assigned to them, including tasks related to their education and interests. Interns have the opportunity to apply and develop their theoretical knowledge.

It is mandatory that the motivation letter contains the following information: (1) title of the degree currently sought and the specific subjects followed; (2) Expected graduation date or closing date if closed in the previous year; (3) the applicant`s objectives for an internship at the Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) and how it fits into his/her education/career plan; (4) Three (3) departments of internship interest from the six departments of the Office of Legal Affairs in New York (in order of preference), #1 being the most preferred. The six divisions of the Office of Legal Affairs are: Office of the Under-Secretary-General, Office of the Legal Counsel, General Legal Department, Codification Division, Division for Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea and Treaty Section; (5) an explanation of why the applicant is suitable for the specific division; (6) The availability of the candidate for the start of the internship between May 23 and September 30, 2022.


Legal Advice Selling Joint Property

One of the most common questions raised by co-owners of real estate in California is how to force the sale of the property if the co-owners do not agree. Section 872.210 of the California Code of Civil Procedure allows a co-owner to sell a condominium even if the other co-owner does not consent to the sale using the legal process known as a partition action. The highly experienced lawyers at Talkov Law explain the only way to force the sale of co-ownership: a partition action. Since a partition action requires court approval, the process takes several months. The plaintiff must name each co-owner as a party to the dispute and follow detailed legal procedures. Specific procedures depend on state law. The right of partition allows co-owners who wish to terminate their interests in a property to do so by appealing to the competent court to force the sale of the property. Yes, if one of the owners dies, the other owner automatically takes possession of the property without inheritance tax. Another example: if a testator has owned only a percentage of a property, his beneficiaries inherit only this share after his death. If it is not desirable or illogical for beneficiaries to co-own the property with their other owners, they could try to enter into a purchase agreement with the other owners or convince them to sell the property.

If the co-owners can`t agree on how to sell the property, the new owners could sue for the division of the property and force its sale. What does it really mean to “win” a partition action? In my opinion, winning means preventing or ending the trial. Pulling the property through a full partition process can subtract the net value of the property and draw energy from its owners. If the co-owners are really stalled on what is supposed to happen to a common property, the only court-ordered remedy for this problem in California is a partition suit. Most sharing actions are divisions by sale, with the court forcing the sale of the property and distributing the proceeds equitably among the co-owners. There are very few cases in California where the right to partition has been waived. This is probably because very few people have a written agreement with their co-owners when they buy a property together. Each of these rare cases where partition is denied is well outside the general factual model of condominium real estate and actually reinforces the argument that the right to partition in California is absolute. Miller & Starr, California`s leading treatise on real estate law, states that “every roommate has an `absolute` right to divide community property.” [1] Right of division – in general, 4 Cal. Real Est. (4th ed.) § 11:14.

By filing the division of ownership, a co-owner can terminate his interest in a property by forcing its sale and distributing the proceeds of the sale fairly and equitably among the co-owners. One of the most effective ways to mitigate condominium disputes from the outset is to include possible resolutions of these disputes in a property agreement at the time of purchase of the property. In this way, in the event that a dispute arises later, the contract specifies how the dispute is to be resolved. Often, legal fees can be paid out of the proceeds when the property is sold. However, this assumes that the property is actually sold at some point. If the sale does not take place for any reason, you may still be responsible for attorneys` fees incurred. By performing the split action yourself, with proper legal advice and tools, you can save significant legal fees. Brink Law Firm`s experienced real estate lawyers can investigate the circumstances of your case and outline all your legal options. To schedule a consultation or case evaluation with a Tacoma condominium attorney, please call us at 253.620.6666 or contact us online. The proceeds of the sale are usually divided according to ownership shares.

If you own 10% of the property, you will receive 10% of the proceeds after deducting fees and costs. Lawyers are usually paid from the proceeds of the lawsuit as court costs. However, profit sharing may change if one of the co-owners requires “accounting”. To put it simply, accounting is when the farm evaluates the “charges and benefits” of the property, as discussed above. The tribunal “takes into account” the amount of the investment and the benefits of each party and, if necessary, adjusts the profit sharing to achieve an equitable result. This adjustment process can only take place if someone requests the accounting. Roommates are considered to have an undivided interest in their entire property. Each roommate has an equal share.

Only the possession of equal shares is possible in the context of a colocation. If the roommates mutually agree on the sale of the property, they must divide the proceeds of the sale equally. Your legal rights and obligations depend on the type of co-ownership agreement you have. The standard rule for co-ownership is co-ownership law. For example, if an unmarried couple lives together in a house, the courts often assume that the property is joint ownership as a condominium. The question of a co-owner`s right to rent a co-owner could become complicated; It is best to consult an experienced real estate lawyer and other co-owners before entering into a condominium lease. It is fundamental to common ownership that every owner has the same right to own, use and benefit from all property.


Legal Advice Curacao

A free walk-in consultation with a lawyer is usually available every Monday afternoon between 14:00 and 15:00 in our office in Curacao. You can either register for a session in advance or simply try your luck by showing up unannounced. During such a meeting, a lawyer will always be present for your legal advice. The lawyer present will check if your request can be processed on site, if a follow-up session is necessary or if a referral needs to be made. Whether it`s a single legal issue or a full-fledged court case that looks you in the face, you have a legal problem and need someone in your corner. “When I started this firm, I defined our offer as ultra-personalized, precise, exclusive, simple and cost-effective legal advice, supported if necessary by representation in legal proceedings. Like other industries, law firms need to be agile and adapt to ever-changing consumer trends, especially in these unpredictable times. While the legal industry has always respected tradition, innovation is a necessity, it is the key to survival in our rapidly changing world. As a result, we have invested in business development and the right customer relationship management solution for professional services firms. This app allows us to focus even more on the specific needs of our clients and prospects and is fully equipped to provide end-to-end client-centric legal services and advice. In recent years, we have seen a significant growth in potential claims or alleged directors` liabilities due to the increased active oversight role of local central banks in the various Caribbean jurisdictions. In addition, the fact that legal work is becoming increasingly cross-border and complex on an international scale makes us new generation lawyers combining legal expertise and professional experience from both continents. In terms of practice, we have seen growth in some specific legal areas such as employment and pensions and even more in our Corporate/M&A practice in a specialist area such as corporate governance and with several significant high-level mandates for corporate transactions and restructurings.

Our Banking & Finance practice continues to be involved in all high-value financing transactions, while our Litigation & Dispute Resolution team continues to be involved in all high-profile litigation and historical litigation in the Dutch Caribbean. In terms of practice, we have seen growth in some specific areas of law, such as employment and pensions and governance, risk and compliance. Our Corporate/M&A team has advised on several large and high-profile mandates for cross-border transactions and complex corporate restructurings (some of which have unfortunately been put on hold for strategic/economic reasons and are therefore not mentioned in this filing). Our Banking & Finance practice continues to be involved in many high-quality cross-border financing transactions, while our Litigation & Dispute Resolution team continues to be involved in all high-profile litigation and historical litigation in the Dutch Caribbean. Finally, our Intellectual Property and Data Protection department increasingly advises on a wide range of IP and data protection law matters, while our Patent and Trademark Office continues to manage the IP portfolios of domestic and international clients. Therefore, we fully understand the dynamics of international and cross-border business. VAN EPS continues to distinguish itself with authentic and unparalleled specialist legal advice throughout the Dutch Caribbean region. Financial institutions, large national and international companies as well as government agencies are among the company`s strong customer base. The lawyers in our firm are specialists with expertise in their field (almost all other law firms in our Caribbean region are general practitioners). All of our lawyers are able to fully represent their respective clients in these jurisdictions. Standard qualifications are usually questions of general law that cannot be discussed in the abstract, but could affect the effectiveness of the applicability of the transaction.

For example, most opinions will indicate that if the foreign party goes bankrupt, it will limit the ability to perform the obligations against it. Similarly, rights may be lost if statutory limitation periods expire. In some countries, performance of obligations may be linked to obligations of good faith and fair dealing, to which foreign legal advice will generally refer restrictively. All of the firm`s lawyers are specialists with expertise in their respective fields. Each of our lawyers is able to fully represent their clients in the Dutch Caribbean. A Curacao legal opinion will generally express opinions on various matters that are not normally governed by the laws of Curacao under their own conflict of laws system. Since a cross-border transaction can be reviewed by the courts of a number of countries, the addressees of the notice want to be sure that all relevant issues, if determined by the legislation of Curaçao, are likely to be satisfactorily resolved. Someone who brings clarity and explains your position to you in the words we learn from our parents; Not in the word spaghetti, for which the legal profession is notorious. BBV Legal is a leading law firm in the Dutch Caribbean headquartered in Curacao. He provides legal services to local and international businesses, governments, private clients and not-for-profit institutions.

Lawyers advise and plead in all areas of civil and administrative law and are recognized for their expertise and personal approach to handling cases.


Legal Action Squatters

This is information you need to know as a homeowner to legally protect your property without accidentally getting into trouble, and our short guide can help you learn how to get rid of squatters. That`s not to say Julia can claim all or even the better half of Seth`s lawn. Only the region that she has been actively cultivating and cultivating for more than 5+ years would legitimately belong to her. Due to the obvious nature of their development and maintenance of the property (meaning it had obviously been visible to Seth for years), the court would likely have no sympathy for Seth once it suddenly decided to act. As a homeowner, you may think that there is a simple solution to this problem – call the police! Well, you might be surprised that squatting is legal in the United States. That`s because, while it sounds a lot like an intrusion, it`s not the same thing. Although intruders and squatters appear to be similar, as they both enter without permission, they are not necessarily the same. Generally, an intruder is a person who uses force to break into another person`s property, such as breaking a door or window. A squatter, on the other hand, is a person who uses the property because they accessed it through an unlocked entrance. Squatters cannot be evicted from property without notice. In addition, squatters have additional rights when it comes to acquiring ownership of property. Unfavourable property laws can give squatters the right to acquire ownership of land or property if the true owner does not intervene within a certain period of time.

As long as the squatter pays things like homeowners association fees, taxes, and other ownership costs after a while, they can sometimes legally acquire title to the property. The eviction process can be lengthy and the longer the solution takes, the more expensive it will cost your business. The business opportunity is essential to limit the amount of losses you have to suffer when eliminating squatters. Here are the allowed steps we recommend when evicting squatters: The best way to prevent squatters from becoming a problem on your rental properties is to choose excellent tenants from the get-go. California requires a land tax payment for only five years to obtain harmful property. But in Colorado, squatters can take possession of land if they have a deed, paid property taxes for seven years, or have lived there for 18 years. While squatters taking over your property may sound like something out of an old western movie, it`s a very real thing that could happen to you or any other owner. Now, more than ever, landlords must learn how to evict a squatter. In recent years, poverty advocates have promoted the right of squatters as a “legitimate” way for the poor to obtain property. In California, community organizer Steven DeCaprio used the state`s adversarial property law to defend the homeless and successfully occupy an abandoned home.

He founded an organization, Land Action, to help people do the same. ReclaimSF, Moms4Housing and the Chicago anti-eviction campaign are examples of nonprofits using opposing property to legally take property from the beneficial owner. All states have squatter rights, but they differ in how long a person lives on the property and what is permissible. The average length of continuous occupancy of land or dwelling is between seven and 30 years. Squatter rights refer to laws that allow a squatter to use or occupy someone else`s property in the event that the rightful owner does not evict or take action against the squatter. Be sure to secure all windows and doors. The difference between squatting and breaking in is that you fix all windows and doors with steel reinforcements. The difference between squatting and trespassing is that in the event of broken glass or unlocked door, squatters can enter and are entitled to basic rights.

If you don`t want your property to be a haven for strangers, pay attention to its safety, and no one will enter without your permission as the owner. In most cases, the police only remove intruders; You will not evict squatters unless due civil proceedings have taken place. Owners who have a judgment of possession in their favor can pay law enforcement to help them evict displaced squatters. Unfortunately, those who want to make money with the naivety of those desperately looking for a home find squatters who argue for a fertile market. Naziyr YishmaEl, formerly known as James Allen Keith, taught a course on enemy property. For $75,000, people could become members of his “Association of Self-Governing Peoples.” Landlords and prosecutors see things differently: “an opportunist who has already been convicted of embezzlement and who took advantage of people on the margins during an economic crisis.” Now that you know more about squatters and the damage they can cause to your rental business, you can see the importance of acting quickly to regain control of your property. Hi Michael, absolutely amazing content!!! Each step of squatters` rights has been explained in detail, making it easier for everyone to understand. I own a property management company myself. So it was very useful when it came to squatters, you are often confronted with goods left behind. While it may be tempting to get rid of or sell the items immediately, you might not be legally allowed to do so. More confusion often arises when trying to clarify whether squatters and intruders are the same, or whether there are differences between these two categories of individuals.

These bills will likely have to be paid by you in the long run, which will add additional costs to the list of problems caused by squatters. Assuming the person hasn`t occupied your property long enough to get a legal claim, the court should rule in your favor. If you win an eviction case, you will receive a court order, often called a restitution order, that gives you the right to deport the illegal resident. The cargo will be sent to the local constable or sheriff, who will hire an authorized person to escort you to the property and physically perform site cleanup if necessary. The best way to explain how squatter rights work is to paint a hypothetical picture. Let`s say two people, Julia and Seth, have been neighbors in San Francisco for years. There is no wall separating her two properties, and Julia begins to put garden furniture on what is actually Seth`s property. Over time, Julia transforms the area into a covered patio furnished with things like chairs, an outdoor table, and maybe even a fire pit.

Seth never objected at first. Five years pass while Julia pays property taxes on this land. Yes. In short, there are common cases where state laws protect squatters: squatter rights or opposing property are a set of laws that were made when colonization was popular. The government drafted the Homestead Act of 1862, which established the right to provide legal assistance to pioneers who moved to land they considered empty, built a house, and began raising livestock or growing crops. This was a way for pioneers to expand the amount of land under the U.S. government at the time. No matter what you do, make sure you follow local laws when dealing with squatters. Never use violence or threats, although it may be tempting to handle the situation yourself. Rely on the local government to help you get your property back. The relationship between a squatter and the owners is not the same as between an owner/owner and a tenant. Renting a house or apartment always requires documents, for example: a basic rental agreement that helps resolve a dispute between landlords and tenants.

Squatters act independently and may claim to have legal documents that “confirm” their legal occupation of a particular place or country, but these documents certainly do not guarantee that law enforcement is on their side. If you want to restrict a squatter`s access and secure your property from them, you should learn more about their legal rights and your rights as a landlord. This guide will help you legally evict unwanted tenants and protect your home. Although the definitions of these two terms may seem very similar, there is a legal difference between a squatter and an intruder. However, it can be difficult to identify the exact difference. If you attack someone by force, you are also the aggressor. This means that a police officer could and should arrest you until the situation is resolved, and you could get into legal trouble beyond your civil problems with the squatter situation. Specifically, in the state of California, the legal requirements for a squatter to purchase property also include the following: State restrictions on evictions vary from state to state. Landlords should be aware of acceptable causes (usually in) and the legal procedure for evicting tenants that apply in their area. Forcing someone out of your property is not legal or a good idea.

By physically attacking the squatter, he can legally defend himself and even use lethal force against you. Squatter rights exist in almost all states in one form or another. Under these opposing property laws, squatters are granted property rights over the property after a certain period of time.


Legal Accusation Def

The Sixth Amendment to the Constitution provides, in part, that a person charged with a crime has the right “to be informed of the nature and cause of the charge.” Therefore, in any federal prosecution, the law establishing the crime in the indictment must define the offence in sufficiently clear terms so that the average person is informed of the acts that fall within its scope. The prosecution must also inform the accused, in clear and unambiguous language, of the offence with which he or she is charged under the law. A defendant has the same rights when charged with violating state criminal law, since the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment applies the guarantees of the Sixth Amendment to states. The document in which the indictment is set out – such as an indictment, denunciation or complaint – is called an indictment. When you say that someone is guilty of doing something wrong, you are making an accusation, such as your accusation that your brother used your computer without asking. Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for Prosecution “Indictment”. Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Retrieved 29 September 2022. Most state constitutions contain language similar to that of the Sixth Amendment. In many state codes of criminal procedure, the prosecutorial instrument serves to protect the constitutional rights of the accused. In Louisiana, for example, the purpose of a newsletter is to inform a defendant of the nature and reason for the charge against him, as required by the Louisiana Constitution (State v.

Stevenson, 2003 WL 183998 [La. App. 2003]). These sample sentences are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word “indictment.” The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. To accuse comes from the verb to accuse, which means to accuse someone of a crime. It is important to remember that an indictment occurs when someone thinks someone else has done something wrong or committed a crime. However, this does not mean that the person is guilty. There must be evidence – an investigation or trial, even an admission of guilt – before a conviction, which means that the person is truly guilty. An indictment unofficially indicates that a person has committed an illegal or immoral act. An indictment is also the formal indictment of a person for a crime, either by a prosecutor who brings charges against that person or by a grand jury indictment against that person. Nglish: Translation of the indictment for Spanish speakers n.

1) In legal terms, the indictment means formally charging someone with a crime, either by grand jury indictment or by indictment by a district attorney. (2) Desecrate any allegation of misconduct by another person. To revoke a briefing letter or other indictment, the accused must present direct evidence, not supported by the record, that the invoice was inadequate. As a general rule, the onus is on the accused to prove that the prosecution was inadequate. The rules of evidence of a particular court apply to the finding of proof of the sufficiency of the act of prosecution. A formal criminal complaint against a person accused of having committed a criminal offence brought before a court or judge competent to investigate the alleged offence. ACCUSATION, crim. An indictment against a competent official against someone who has committed a crime or misdemeanor so that he or she can be brought to justice and punished. 2. Failure to charge may, in certain cases, be regarded as a misdemeanour or misconduct.

(S. A.) 1 bro. Civ. Law, 247; 2 Id. 389; Inst. lib. 4, Tit. 18. 3. It is a rule that no human being is obliged to accuse himself or testify against himself in criminal proceedings. Accusare nemo se debet nisi coram Deo.

See the evidence; Interest; Witness. See, for example, Rothgery v. Gillespie County, Tex., 554 U.S. 191 (2008) and U.S. v. Patterson, 150 U.S. 65 (1893). Middle English accusacioun, borrowed from English-French, borrowed from Latin accÅ«sÄtiÅn-, accÅ«sÄtiÅ, de accÅ«sÄre `guilty, accusation of a crime` + -tiÅn-, -tiÅ, suffix of the names of action to more on the accusation.


Legal 500 Rising Stars 2022

For 35 years, The Legal 500 has analyzed the capabilities of law firms around the world with a comprehensive research program that is reviewed and updated annually to offer the most up-to-date view of the global legal market. The Legal 500 assesses the strengths of law firms in more than 150 jurisdictions. Legal 500`s research is based on feedback from 300,000 clients worldwide, quotes from law firms and interviews with leading lawyers, as well as a team of researchers with unparalleled experience in the legal market. Our team of experienced researchers, which includes both qualified journalists and lawyers, conducts intensive market research several months a year. The main source of our information is the law firms themselves, and the information they provide is often not intended for public use. This allows us to properly evaluate them against each other, exercise area by practice area. We also collect feedback from our colleagues and their clients to assess their overall visibility and reputation. The process results in detailed rankings and editorials that provide legal buyers with an objective analysis of the U.S. market, updated annually. The 2022 edition of Legal 500 United States is now online. Please use the menu to navigate the practice areas. MIAMI (June 14, 2022) – Holland & Knight has reached number one in the 2022 edition of The Legal 500 United States Guide. The firm is recommended in 24 practice categories and 101 individual lawyers are recognized in the guide, some in more than one category.

In addition, three lawyers are inducted into the Hall of Fame, eight lawyers are named leading lawyers, five lawyers are recognized as next-generation partners, and one lawyer is recognized as a rising star. Winston & Strawn is recognized as a leading law firm in five practice areas and is recommended in 48 additional categories in the 2022 edition of The Legal 500 U.S. In addition, 10 lawyers are inducted into the Hall of Fame, 14 lawyers as leading lawyers, five lawyers as next-generation partners and four partners as rising stars. The rising stars of the Bar Association are defined as lawyers between the ages of four and eight who are considered by clients and colleagues as aspiring members of the Bar Association in their respective fields of activity. You will already be informed on large-scale, complex and high-quality contentious and non-contentious matters and will work with and for more experienced senior lawyers. The Legal 500 is a leading UK publishing organisation that conducts extensive research in key legal markets to assess law firms` areas of activity based on, among other things, reputation and feedback from lawyers and clients. Published for over 30 years, The Legal 500 offers comprehensive global coverage of legal service providers in 150 jurisdictions. The research is based on feedback from more than 300,000 management consultants worldwide, submissions from law firms and interviews with leading lawyers, as well as a team of researchers with extensive experience in the legal market.

Clients praise Jones Day`s lawyers as “exceptionally talented individuals” with “very strong legal knowledge” who “are very knowledgeable.” Understanding and insight. that “provide real-world business-oriented advice.” Other customer reviews include: Where other market leaders want to be comprehensive, we are exclusive and deliberately focus on the true superstars of the profession. We organize each area of activity into a single national ranking and move away from a state-by-state approach. Only a small number of companies in the U.S. have a truly national presence coupled with the ability to handle demanding and complex jobs. These are the ones we would like to highlight here. This is not a numbers game – many of the companies involved are even small individual companies – but simply a matter of quality. Rising stars are defined as associate-level lawyers who frequently appear on important issues and are frequently cited by colleagues and/or clients as significant contributions to the practice.

The 2022 edition of the Legal 500 Asia Pacific Guide evaluates Jones Day in 40 practice areas, including eight Level 1 rankings and 106 lawyer rankings. The ranking of lawyers includes five Hall of Fame lawyers, 18 leaders, seven next-generation partners and four rising stars. As a new U.S. editor, I would appreciate your comments and ideas on how we can evolve rankings and evolve the guide to ensure it adequately reflects this largest legal market in the world. Do not hesitate to contact us. Hello from your new American publisher. After nearly a decade of reporting on the German legal market, I picked up The Guide to the United States with new U.S. Representative Barnaby Merrill. We look forward to meeting and talking to many of you over the coming months.

Washington, DC, June 10, 2022 – Miller & Chevalier Chartered announced today that it has received numerous practical and individual rankings in the 2022 edition of the Legal 500 United States. The firm is recognized as lead counsel in 10 firms with members Layla Asali, Kirby Behre, Kevin Kenworthy and Anthony Shelley. Tax Board member Lisandra Ortiz was also named a rising star this year. A total of 38 Miller & Chevalier lawyers were recommended by the Legal 500. Current rankings and information from the 2022 edition of The Legal 500 United States. The U.S. edition of The Legal 500 is now in its 15th year and, like other established editions of the guide, is used by millions of legal buyers worldwide when they need to hire outside lawyers. The firm is also recognized in the following practice categories: All individuals mentioned in the editorial, whether in firm reports, client references, as practice leaders, or other lists of important lawyers, should be considered recommended lawyers in The Legal 500.

Leaders are defined as true market leaders, with a long-standing reputation in their industry, leading roles on several important and current issues, and exceptional and widespread recognition and support from their market colleagues and customers.


Legal 500 Dispute Resolution Netherlands

“Stek is an outstanding law firm in the Dutch market, surpassing traditional law firms in terms of legal quality and service. They find a high level of attention from the partner, a business-oriented approach (instead of legal courses) and, last but not least, a highly motivated and friendly team. “Yuri Wehrmeijer has extensive legal knowledge and took on our case at short notice and argued perfectly in court.” Taylor Wessing LLP is well positioned to serve technology and manufacturing companies from its Eindhoven location, where the company was formed in 2015 through a merger with Dutch company Deterink. Hugo Nieuwenhuizen is recommended for mediation, arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution, while Nick Kampschreur is recommended for commercial and corporate disputes. Vera Jurgens has experience in financial and securities litigation. “The team has demonstrated an exceptional ability to coordinate the handling and coordination of a number of cross-border litigation defended by the client and to conduct commercial negotiations with a range of stakeholders.” Norton Rose Fulbright has outstanding litigation experience in the financial services and energy sectors, having worked for major financial institutions and global corporations. Yke Lennartz is co-leader of the team and is recommended for international trade disputes, post-merger and acquisition issues and financial disputes. Jan Duyvensz also leads the team and deals with insurance matters. The firm: Stek is an independent Dutch law firm. The firm was founded in 2005 and combines the expertise of leading international law firms with top-notch in-house positions.

Stek combines this know-how and professionalism into a lighter, smaller, more direct and accessible package. Stek is characterized by excellent service through a focused, practice-oriented and personal approach. The firm is proud to have assembled a team of leading lawyers with deep legal and industry expertise and commercial awareness with a can-do service attitude. General IP: With the appointment of young partner Timme Geerlof, the firm has developed a sophisticated IP practice for its corporate clients, with a focus on parallel import/EU and specialization issues in the fields of medicine/pharmaceutical/repackaging. Statesman Gerard van der Wal has been involved in most of the landmark CJEU cases that have shaped the current legal landscape. Contact: Timme Geerlof Tel: +31 6 1335 3032 E-Mail: NautaDutilh handles national and international arbitrations, state judicial proceedings as well as annulment and enforcement proceedings. The firm has the capacity of the Supreme Court and is headed by Kasper Krzeminski and Mirjam Van de Hel-Koedoot. Van de Hel-Koedoot has experience in trade and investment agreements as well as disputes related to bilateral and multilateral investment agreements. Krzeminski is recommended for commercial and contractual disputes, disputes and alternative dispute resolution. “Many law firms are well prepared and provide detailed and comprehensive legal advice, but the Banning team is also very friendly and has an informal approach.” Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer`s Dutch commercial litigation team is “excellent and covers all areas of complex commercial litigation”. She has particular experience in defending class action proceedings and also handles settlement follow-up cases.

The UK firm`s international platform Magic Circle means it is well positioned to handle cross-border mandates with the support of other jurisdictions. Jeroen Van Hezewijk leads the practice and is familiar with corporate litigation, including post-merger and acquisition litigation. Jeroen Van Hezewijk heads refereeing at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer – he is praised for his “good explanation of technical problems” and his “in-depth knowledge”. The team handles a number of domestic and international arbitrations and is also highly skilled in other alternative dispute resolution proceedings. Van Hezewijk has expertise in cases and numerous proceedings for the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards. Bird & Bird`s “technically very strong, very pragmatic and cost-effective” dispute resolution team is known for its strength in intellectual property, but it is also strong in insurance and liability litigation, corporate litigation and financial matters. Evelyn Tjon-En-Fa, “super hot” practice director, is an experienced litigator at the Supreme Court and is recommended for cross-border commercial disputes, while Olaf Trojan focuses on media and technology issues. Johan Polet joined Simmons & Simmons in December 2020. “Bram always looks beyond the legal side of the case, it feels like he`s part of our management team.” Simmons & Simmons` arbitration team “combines high-level academic knowledge with hands-on experience and a low-key approach.” He handles commercial matters, including post-merger and acquisition litigation and joint ventures, as well as investment and construction arbitration. Niek Peters leads the practice and acts as an arbitrator in domestic and international litigation.

The firm: Windt Le Grand Leeuwenburgh is a Rotterdam-based business law firm with ten partners specialising in transactions, litigation, intellectual property and EU law, commercial contracts and restructurings. The main objective of the company is to help multinationals and large companies achieve their business goals. The firm has extensive experience in resolving some of the most complex and aggravated situations known in the Netherlands, including but not limited to financial crises, state aid, corporate conflicts, shareholder disputes, large-scale employee restructurings and the implementation of (medium-sized) M&A transactions. The firm`s litigators are involved in complex litigation involving multiple jurisdictions such as commercial contracts, corporate structures, sanctions, parallel imports (EU) and intellectual property. The objective is to protect the interests of the client as shareholder, buyer, director, trader, producer, supervisor, intellectual property holder, partner; or as a member of an executive or non-executive board of directors, a financial party, a fund or a government. Most international guides covering the Dutch legal market rank the firm and its lawyers as the best in their field. “Krijn Hoogenboezem has a certain composure that is unusual in the legal profession.” “Martijn van de Hel is one of the most enterprising and dedicated consultants I have ever known. He thinks like his clients, he advises them as a friend and fights, if necessary, fights for them like a family. His legal expertise is among the best. He is incredibly proactive, hardworking and fair.

Don`t be afraid to stretch your neck. The most valuable player in his field, as far as I know. Smallegange N.V.`s arbitration and litigation capabilities have recently been strengthened by the addition of Stan Putter from Conway & Partners. Putter brings expertise in international arbitration, commercial litigation and dispute resolution. The practice serves major national and global clients in the construction, engineering, oil and gas, and financial services sectors. “As a cross-border legal advisor, I hire legal teams from around the world to support me and my clients. Reinout Vriesendorp is my favorite lawyer for the Netherlands. Restructuring and insolvency: An integral part of the business is its insolvency practice, which acts as receiver and insolvency administrator appointed by the Rotterdam District Court and the Amsterdam Chamber of Enterprises. In addition, the company enjoys an excellent reputation for its ability to restructure companies and thus obtain high-end reference work (Oi Telecoms, Abengoa, Steinhoff), alongside high-level national work, including CRO, banks and examples of interim management such as the restructuring of Varova (Sissy Boy, Open 32 and Tumble n Dry), Men at Work and a successful bid for AMST in Simteq`s Boeing/Airbus flight simulator business.

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